The Four Kinds of Spelling Knowledge
For students to become proficient spellers, there are 4 different kinds of spelling knowledge they require.
Good spellers develop a deep awareness of the sounds in our language and their relationship with the letter combinations that represent the sounds in written form. They can segment words into individual sounds and syllables, blend sounds to form words, manipulate sounds, and recognise onset and rime.
Students should look at words as a whole, as well as syllables and as individual graphemes. They learn to recognise spelling patterns and also to identify deviations from regular patterns.
As students continue to explore the words of our language, they start to discover more patterns and generalisations. As they look at the meaning of words and how words are formed, they discover that words conform to certain patterns and can also deviate from these patterns.
Students are also provided with the opportunity to explore word origins and history. Students explore the roots of words and word meanings and learn to recognise the relationships between words. They develop an understanding of how some words are derived and how the meaning of unfamiliar words may be determined by examining parts of a word and similar related words.